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Daily Trivia - November 23

Births

912 - Otto I the Great, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
1221 - King Alfonso X of Castile (d. 1284)
1402 - Jean de Dunois, French soldier (d. 1468)
1417 - William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
1553 - Prospero Alpini, Italian physician and botanist (d. 1617)
1616 - John Wallis, English mathematician (d. 1703)
1632 - Jean Mabillon, French palaeographer and diplomat (d. 1707)
1641 - Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (d. 1720)
1705 - Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)
1715 - Pierre Charles Le Monnier, French astronomer (d. 1799)
1719 - Spranger Barry, Irish actor (d. 1777)
1749 - Edward Rutledge, U.S. statesman (d. 1800)
1760 - François-Noël Babeuf, French revolutionary (d. 1797)
1804 - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (d. 1869)
1820 - Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
1837 - Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1923)
1860 - Billy the Kid, American bandit (d. 1881)
1860 - Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1925)
1861 - Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
1864 - Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
1869 - Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
1875 - Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian literary critic and politician (d. 1933)
1876 - Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (d. 1946)
1887 - Eduardo Corrochio, Spanish-born dancer (d. 1943)
1887 - Boris Karloff, British actor (d. 1969)
1888 - Harpo Marx, American comedian (d. 1964)
1890 - El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (d. 1941)
1892 - Erté, French artist (d. 1990)
1897 - Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
1897 - Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
1902 - Victor Jory, Canadian actor (d. 1982)
1907 - Lars Leksell, Swedish physician (d. 1986)
1909 - Nigel Tranter, British historian and writer (d. 2000)
1920 - Paul Celan, Romanian-born German poet (d. 1970)
1921 - Fred Buscaglione, Italian singer and actor (d. 1960)
1922 - Manuel Fraga Iribarne, president of Spanish Galicia
1923 - R.L. Burnside, American musician (d. 2005)
1923 - Billy Haughton, American harness driver and trainer (d. 1986)
1924 - Colin Macmillan Turnbull, British-born anthropologist (d. 1994)
1925 - Johnny Mandel, American songwriter
1925 - José Napoleón Duarte, President of El Salvador (d. 1990)
1926 - Sathya Sai Baba, Indian "God-man", widely believed to be Avatar of the age
1931 - Dervla Murphy, Irish traveller and author
1933 - Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
1934 - Robert Towne, American writer, director, producer, and actor
1934 - Lew Hoad, Australian tennis player (d. 1994)
1935 - Vladislav Volkov, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1971)
1941 - Franco Nero, Italian actor
1943 - Andrew Goodman, American civil rights activist (d. 1964)
1943 - Sue Nicholls (The Honourable Susan Frances Harmer Nicholls), British actress
1944 - Joe Eszterhas, Hungarian-born film producer and writer
1944 - James Toback, American writer and director
1945 - Steve Landesberg, American actor
1953 - Francis Cabrel, French singer
1954 - Bruce Hornsby, American musician
1955 - Steven Brust, American author
1955 - Ludovico Einaudi, Italian composer and pianist
1956 - Steve Harvey, American actor and comedian
1959 - Maxwell Caulfield, British actor
1959 - Dominique Dunne, American actress (d. 1982)
1965 - Jennifer Michael Hecht, American poet and historian
1968 - Hamid Hassani, Iranian lexicographer
1969 - Jonathan Seet, Canadian singer
1970 - Zoë Ball, British television and radio presenter
1971 - Lisa Kushell, American actress
1974 - Jamie Sharper, American football player
1977 - Myriam Boileau, Canadian diver
1980 - David Britz, American nanotechnologist
1984 - Lucas Grabeel, American actor and singer
1992 - Miley Cyrus, American child actress

Deaths

947 - Berthold, Duke of Bavaria
1407 - Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, brother of Charles VI of France (murdered) (b. 1372)
1457 - King Ladislaus Posthumus of Bohemia and Hungary (b. 1440)
1499 - Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter (b. 1474)
1503 - Margaret of York, wife of Charles I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1446)
1572 - Agnolo di Cosimo, Italian artist and poet (b. 1503)
1585 - Thomas Tallis, English composer (b. 1505)
1616 - Richard Hakluyt, English writer (b. 1552)
1682 - Claude Lorrain, French painter (b. 1604)
1763 - Friedrich Graf von Seckendorf, German soldier (b. 1673)
1769 - Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (b. 1711)
1783 - Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
1803 - Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
1804 - Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
1807 - Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (b. 1747)
1814 - Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States of America (b. 1744)
1833 - Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, French marshal (b. 1762)
1890 - King William III of the Netherlands (b. 1817)
1902 - Walter Reed, American bacteriologist (b. 1851)
1923 - Urmuz, Romanian writer (b. 1883)
1934 - Giovanni Brunero, Italian cyclist (b. 1895)
1937 - Jagdish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist (b. 1858)
1937 - George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
1948 - Hack Wilson, Baseball Hall of Famer (b. 1900)
1966 - Sean O'Kelly, President of Ireland (b. 1882)
1973 - Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (b. 1889)
1974 - Cornelius Ryan, Irish-born author (b. 1920)
1979 - Merle Oberon, British actress (b. 1911)
1979 - Judee Sill, American musician and songwriter (b. 1944)
1990 - Roald Dahl, British author (b. 1916)
1991 - Klaus Kinski, German actor (b. 1926)
1992 - Roy Acuff, American musician (b. 1903)
1992 - Jean-François Thiriart, Belgian politician (b. 1922)
1995 - Louis Malle, French film director (b. 1932)
1995 - Junior Walker, American musician (b. 1931)
2002 - Roberto Matta, Chilean painter (b. 1911)
2004 - Pete Franklin, American talk radio host (b. 1928)
2005 - Frank Gatski, American football player (center) (b. 1919)

Events

1499 - Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1644 - Areopagitica by John Milton is published.
1863 - American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga begins - Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant reinforce troops at Chattanooga, Tennessee and counter-attack Confederate troops.
1867 - The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescueing two Irish men from jail.
1869 - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1876 - Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1890 - King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become Queen.
1903 - Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1934 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
1936 - The first edition of Life is published.
1943 - The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
1954 - For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
1955 - The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to Australia.
1959 - General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals."
1963 - The first episode of the science fiction television series Doctor Who debuts on the BBC.
1971 - The People's Republic of China is given Taiwan's seat on the United Nations Security Council. (See China and the United Nations)
1979 - In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
1980 - A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 4,800 people.
1981 - Iran-Contra scandal: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1984 - Boston College quarterback Doug Flutie throws a game-winning 48-yard Hail Mary pass to Gerard Phelan to defeat the University of Miami Hurricanes 45-41. It is one of the most famous plays in American college football history.
1985 - Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the hijacked jetliner, but 60 people die in the raid.
1990 - The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
1993 - Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
1996 - Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 123.
1996 - The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
2003 - Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.

Holidays

R.C. Saints - Pope Clement I, Saint Columban
Bahá'í Faith - Feast of Qawl (Speech) - First day of the 14th month of the Bahá'í Calendar
Georgia - St George's Day
Japan - Kinro kansha no hi (Labour Thanksgiving Day)
Slovenia - Rudolf Maister Day
     
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